Diabetes is a disease that occurs when our blood glucose, also called
blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is our main source of energy and
comes from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas,
helps glucose from food get into your cells to be used for energy
Gestational diabetes
A form of high blood sugar affecting pregnant women
A condition in which blood sugar is high, but not high enough to be type 2

Type 1 diabetes
A chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin.
Type 2 diabetes
A chronic condition that affects the way the body processes blood sugar
. Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong disease that keeps your body
from using insulin the way it should. People with type 2
diabetes are said to have insulin resistance.
Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes. There are
about 29 million people in the U.S. with type 2. Another 84
million have  prediabetes , meaning their blood sugar (or
blood glucose) is high but not high enough to be diabetes
Signs and Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes
 Being very thirsty
 Frequent urination
 Blurry vision

 Being cranky
 Numbness in your hand
 Fatigue
 Feeling hungry
 Weight loss
 Getting more infection
Causes of Type 2 Diabetes
 Lifestyle factors, including obesity and a lack of exercise.
 Genetics, or abnormal genes, that prevent cells from working
as they should.
Type 2 Diabetes Risk Factors
 overweight or obese.
 age 45 or older.
 have a family history of diabetes.
 African American, Alaska Native, American Indian, Asian American,
Hispanic/Latino, Native Hawaiian, or Pacific Islander.
 have high blood pressure.
Risk factors related to your health and medical history
 Prediabetes
 Heart and blood vessel disease
 High blood pressure, even if it’s treated and under
 Low HDL (“good”) cholesterol
 High triglycerides
 Being overweight or obese
 Having a baby who weighed more than 9 pounds
 Gestational diabetes while you were pregnant
 Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
 Depression

Other things that raise your risk of diabetes have to do
with your daily habits and lifestyle. These are the ones you
can do something about:
 Getting little or no exercise
 Smoking
 Stress
 Sleeping too little or too much
Type 2 Diabetes Diagnosis and Tests
Your doctor can test your blood for signs of type 2
diabetes. Usually, they’ll test you on 2 days to confirm the
diagnosis. But if your blood glucose is very high or you
have many symptoms, one test may be all you need.

  1. A1c
  2. Fasting plasma glucose
  3. Oral plasma glucose
  4. Oral glucose tolerance test
    Type 2 Diabetes Treatment
     Weight loss
     Healthy eating
     Exercise
     Watch your blood sugar levels
     Regular medications


 Regular monitoring like monthly tracing FBS & PPBS and three
month once HBA1c test for 3month monitoring.
 Regular doctor consultation.
 Strict diet and
 20mts walking at morning and evening.
 Along with this medication as per doctor advice.
 Eating at the right time is a real factor in controlling diabetes.

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